It has always been contentious when no more than three people share a Noble prize for invention or discovery. And the further requirement of the associated validation. Enter Mr. Yuri Milner, successful entrepreneur. Mr. Milner has created one or more annual prizes of $3 million for the most influential thinker in fundamental physics.
From The Economist:
"Crucially, recipients earn the prize for inspired contributions that have yet to be experimentally verified, a tactic the Nobel committee eschews. If these later prove beautiful but wrong, so be it. The principle, Mr Milner explains, is to afford the world’s best brains the financial freedom to pursue fundamental ideas wherever these take them. It may have the added benefit of keeping some imaginative physicists away from Wall Street."
Read details here.